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The Reason for doing Bloodwork

Anyone who loves their pet would dojust about anything to keep their pet happy and healthy for as long aspossible. However, how do you know if your pet is in perfect health? Seriousillness or disease isn't always obvious, especially in the early stages, andunfortunately, our pets can't tell us how they feel.

So how do you know for sure if yourpet is healthy?

The answer is annual physicalexaminations and diagnostic testing. Diagnostic testing can provide you with aclear picture of your pet's overall health by identifying medical issues in theearly stages so that your pet can be diagnosed and treated properly. There aremany conditions that, if diagnosed early enough, can be completely reversed orcontrolled for extended periods of time. In addition, assuming that all thetests are normal, it can provide your veterinarian with baseline data forfuture healthcare needs, and it can you the most important thing: peace ofmind.

1st Test= Complete Blood Count (CBC) (Recommended in All Pets)

This is the most common blood test performed on pets and people. A CBC givesinformation on hydration status, anemia, infection, the blood's clottingability, and the ability of the immune system to respond. This test isrecommended as an annual wellness test, and is especially essential for petswith fevers, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, pale gums, or loss of appetite. Ifyour pet needs surgery, a CBC can potentially help detect some bleedingdisorders or other unseen abnormalities.

HCT (hematocrit)- measures the percentage of red bloodcells to detect anemia and hydration.

Hb and MCHC (hemoglobin)- help determine the blood'sability to carry oxygen.

WBC (white blood cell)- count measure the body's immunecells. Increases or decreases may indicate certain diseases or infections.

EOS (eosinophils)- are a specific type of WBC that mayindicate allergic or parasitic conditions.

PLT (platelets)- count measures cells that form bloodclots.

2nd Test= Comprehensive Profile (Recommended in All Pets)

These common blood serum tests evaluate organ function, electrolyte status,and more. They are important in evaluating the general health in your pet, andare highly recommended in older pets, pets with vomiting and diarrhea or toxinexposure, pets receiving long-term medications, and the pet's health beforeanesthesia.

ALB(albumin)- is a serum protein that helps evaluatehydration, hemorrhage, and intestinal, liver, and kidney disease.

ALKP(alkaline phosphatase)- elevations may indicate liverdamage, Cushings disease, and in young animals, active bone growth.

ALT ( alanine aminotransferase)- is a sensitive indicatorof active liver damage but doesnt identify the cause.

AMYL(amylase)- elevations may indicate pancreatitis orkidney disease.

BUN(blood urea nitrogen)- indicated kidney function. Anincreased level is called azotemia and can be cause by kidney, liver, and heartdisease, urethral obstruction, shock, and dehydration.

CA(calcium)- deviations can indicate a variety of diseases.Tumors, hyperparathyroidism, kidney disease, and low albumin are just a few ofthe conditions that alter serum calcium.

CREA (creatinine) - Reveals kidney function. This testhelps distinguish between kidney and non-kidney causes of elevated BUN.

GLOB(Globulin) - Is a blood protein that often increaseswith chronic inflammation and certain disease states.

GLU (Glucose)- Is a measurement of blood sugar. Elevatedlevels may indicate diabetes mellitus. Low levels can cause collapse, seizure,or coma.

K(Potassium)- Is an electrolyte lost with vomiting,diarrhea, or excessive urination. Increased levels may indicate kidney failure,Addison's disease, dehydrations, and urethral obstruction. High levels can leadto cardiac arrest.

NA(Sodium)- is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea,and kidney and Addison's disease. This test helps indicate hydration status.

PHOS(Phosphorus)- elevations are often associated withkidney disease, hyperthyroidism, and bleeding disorders.

TBIL(total bilirubin)- elevations may indicated liver orhemolytic disease. This test helps identify bile duct problems and certaintypes of anemia.

TP(total protein)- indicated hydration status and providesadditional information about the live, kidneys, and infectious disease.

3rd Test=Thyroid Profile(Recommended in Geriatric Pets 7 years and older)

T4(thyroxine)- is a thyroidhormone. Decreased levels often signal hypothyroidism in dogs, while highlevels indicated hyperthyroidism in cats.

CHOL (cholesterol)- is used to supplement diagnosis of hypothyroidism,liver disease, Cushings Disease, and diabetes mellitus.


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